Items tagged with HIV coinfection

HATIP: TB-HIV news from the 44th Union World Conference on Lung Health (post)

HIV & AIDS treatment in practice (HATIP) is a regular email newsletter for healthcare workers and community-based organisations on HIV treatment in resource-limited settings.

Maternal deaths due to HIV not declining despite PMTCT successes in South Africa (post)

Improvements in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in South Africa are not translating into a reduction in maternal deaths due to HIV infection, according to a 15-year review of a large district referral hospital in Johannesburg, the 21st Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) heard on Wednesday in Boston.

Documentary on TB in Swaziland: Return of the Plague (post)

18 March 2014 - In the southern African nation of Swaziland, around a quarter of all adults are now HIV positive. With so many now living with compromised immune systems, tuberculosis, which had been in decline for decades, has made a dramatic comeback. Now it has a foothold once more, new mutations are evolving fast, meaning the disease threatens the lives of the healthy as well as those with HIV.

TB transmission halved when CD4 count lies under 250 in Lima, Peru (post)

HIV-positive people with a CD4 count at or below 250 cells/µL proved half as likely to transmit tuberculosis to household contacts as HIV-negative people in Lima, Peru. But HIV-positive people with a higher CD4 count transmitted TB to household partners as often as HIV-negative people.

TB IRIS more frequent with earlier ART at under 50 CD4s in ACTG trial (post)

Tuberculosis immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (TB IRIS) occurred more often with early antiretroviral therapy (ART) than with delayed therapy in the randomized ACTG A5221 trial. TB IRIS proved more common in people who started ART with a CD4 count below 50 cells/µL.

High TB rates in South Africans starting ART regardless of CD4s (post)

People starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, had high tuberculosis rates regardless of their CD4 count. TB incidence waned after the first 3 months of ART but remained at a high level.

Cotrimoxazole cuts TB incidence up to 30% in Swiss HIV Cohort Study (post)

Taking cotrimoxazole decreased tuberculosis incidence 13% to 30% in HIV-positive adults in Switzerland, depending on whether they were already taking antiretrovirals.

WHO African Region: Countries urged to step-up fight against TB (post)

Brazzaville, 24 March 2014 – Countries in the African Region have been urged to scale up action to address tuberculosis (TB), an infectious disease which killed more than half a million people in the Region in 2013.

India: Early TB testing is vital for an effective AIDS response (post)

Government and civil society come together to reinforce this pledge on World TB Day

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